|Read the text below. Mach choices (A - H) to (1 – 5). There are three choices you do not need to use.|
Full Steam Ahead for the Trip of a Lifetime!
Pride of Africa is one of the world’s most luxurious hotel trains. It takes you on a wonderful twelve-day journey across Africa, following in the footsteps of such great explorers as Livingstone and Stanley. This forgettable trip from Cape Town to Dares Salaam is one of many on offer and includes a five-day safari in Kruger Park Game Reserve. It stops beautiful sites along the way, including the diamond town of Kimberley, the capital city of Pretoria and the spectacular Victoria Falls.
The train itself offers elegant accommodation that has been perfectly stored to its 1930’s splendour. There are four Royal Suites and thirty-two Deluxe Suites to accommodate up to 72 passengers. The Royal Suites are inland having a private lounge and en-suite facilities. Also available to guests are the services of a doctor, a hairdresser and a historian.
The Deluxe Suites are comfortable and spacious as well as stylish. Passengers can also enjoy delicious food prepared by first-rate chefs in the dining car, and admire d photograph the breathtaking scenery from the observation car. All meals, unlimited drinks, 24-hour room service and a laundry service are including the price.
During the journey there are plenty of opportunities to take part in a wide may of activities. You can choose to play a round of golf, go on a visit to a crocodile farm, go on a rafting trip, take a trip through the rainforest and take a flight over Victoria Falls. Alternatively, you can simply relax, lie photographs and enjoy the scenery and wildlife. Cultural events along the way include a visit to a craft village and an evening of traditional tribal dancing. The cost of all sightseeing tours, excursions, tour guides, game pal entrance fees and safari drives is included in the price.
With so much to offer a steam safari on the Pride of Africa is really not to be missed. What better way to experience the heart of Africa and the golden age of rail travel? So all aboard and full steam ahead for the holiday of a lifetime!
|A||Spoilt for choice|
|B||Journey to remember|
|C||A dream comes true|
|D||In the lap of luxury|
|E||An offer you can’t refuse|
|F||A natural wonder|
|G||An excellent hotel|
|H||Sports and games|
|Read the text below. For each of the empty space (6—10) choose the correct answer (A, B, C, D).|
As a psychologist, my view on teenagers’ bedrooms is quite straightforward. Personal space is very important in adolescence and privacy should be respected. If a teenager has his or her own room, then this space is for that teenager to arrange as he or she wishes. On no account should parents be tempted to tidy a teenager’s room. If arguments arise, patience and understanding are required on both sides.Unfortunately, this doesn’t always happen. Let’s take the example of a typical English teenager called Tim. He and his Mum fell out about the untidy state of his room because they were looking at the problem from two completely different points of view. This is what Tim had to say:
Bedrooms are incredibly important when you’re a teenager. Everyone needs space, but at that time you need it most of all. 1 don’t mind Mum coming into room as long as she knocks. There is that she goes round looking for things to put away and saying things ‘Tidy room, tidy mind’. I tell her I want a tidy mind. She thinks it’s that although I’m hoping to study Interior Design at college, I don’t seem to bother about my own room at home. But what she fails to understand is that I like the mess. It’s interesting watching it grow, because it’s full of shapes and patterns. I like my Mum, but when she goes on at me about tidying my room, I just get more determined not to do anything about it. My advice to parents would be to leave their teenagers’ rooms till they are so bad that it’s impossible to walk in. Then the kids will have to tidy up.
And of course, Tim is right. In my experience, teenagers left to live in their own mess will eventually reach the stage where they clean it up. We have to remember that this is an important period of experimentation for them and they need to make their own decisions about things. Parents’ anxiety never solves anything during this period and it can actually have the effect of making things worse. This is what Tim’s Mum had to say:
I encouraged Tim to clean up after himself when he was young and he was happy to do it then. But when he got older, he simply started to refuse. His room became a complete tip. He had lots of expensive designer clothes all thrown on the floor, along with waste paper, empty cans and leftovers of food he’d taken up there secretly. When I started being more insistent, I was very shocked by Tim’s response. He isn’t normally very rebellious but he just exploded, saying it was none of my business what he did in his room. When I tried to tidy it up myself, he just hit the roof, insisting that he wanted it like it was. After this, my husband, who is also horribly untidy, had a man-to-man chat with Tim about it. He didn’t get very far but he got a better reaction than me, which was irritating.
Things are better now for Tim and so his Mum, although this is still not a subject which they can laugh about. Tim is just a messy, and still doesn’t want his Mum cleaning his room. She, however, came to realise that it was better not to interfere and so she has ignored the problem for the last six months. Tim, meanwhile, has taken to cleaning his own room once a week. His Mum daren’t ask him why or say how pleased she is in case he stops. Although it seemed like a big problem at the time, it looks like Tim and his Mum have found a solution.
|6.||Why does Tim get annoyed when his mother comes into the room?____________________|
|A||She doesn’t knock before entering.|
|B||She makes comments about the state of the room.|
|C||She expects him to know where things are.|
|D||She takes away the things that he needs.|
|7.||How does Tim feel about his bedroom?_____________________|
|A||He’s too lazy to tidy it up.|
|B||He’s guilty about not looking after it.|
|C||He’s pleased with how it looks.|
|D||He doesn’t see it as his responsibility.|
|8.||What aspect of Tim’s behavior surprised his mother most?___________________|
|A||the way he treated his clothes.|
|B||the fact that he used to be tidy.|
|C||the fact that he had secrets.|
|D||the way he reacted to her.|
|9.||“Hit the roof” in line 72 means that Tim_________________|
|A||lost his temper.|
|B||tried to explain.|
|C||refused to speak.|
|D||was very rude.|
|10.||Why is Tim’s bedroom tidier now?___________________|
|A||He has developed a new routine.|
|B||His mother has changed her attitude.|
|C||His mother is now allowed to clean it.|
|D||He has reached an agreement with his parents.|
|Read the text below. For (11—15) choose T if the statement is true according to the text or F if it is false.|
The Vikings had tied a weight around the professor’s legs, and he sank quickly into the water. He didn’t feel the cold; he didn’t feel anything. The water was black, and he could feel himself being pulled down. Then the weight broke off, and the ropes around his arms and legs came free. James swam to the surface, and when he put his head above the water he saw that he was in the River Thames during the Great Fire of London, and everything was burning.The year was 1666. A horrible plague had killed 75,000 people in London, and now their city was burning. Everyone thought that they were cursed.
Once he was out of the river, James saw some people passing buckets of water from one person to the next trying to put out the fire. He decided to help them. As he was doing so, he tried to tell them that the fire would end the plague. He also told them that the city would be rebuilt in a bigger and better way.
“How do you know all this?” one man asked suspiciously.
“Perhaps he’s a Dutch spy”, another said.
“Maybe he’s the one who started the fire”, the first man added.
England was at war with the Dutch, and many people thought that they had set London on fire. The people dropped their buckets and began chasing the professor. They were screaming and shouting, calling him a spy, and soon more people joined the crowd.
He ran through the streets of London with the angry crowd chasing after him and buildings burning all around. He ran into a dead-end street. There was a nail in front of him. All he could do was waiting for the crowd to close in on him.
They dragged James to the palace. There, he was brought before Charles II, the King of England at that time. The professor also saw Christopher Wren, the famous architect who would rebuild most of the churches in London, and he was amazed at the historical significance of the moment, it almost made him forget the trouble he was in.
The charges against James were read out to the King, accusing him of being a spy and the possible cause of the fire. The King asked him if he had anything to say.
“Even if I told you the truth”, he said, “you wouldn’t believe me”.
The King told him he would be sent to the Tower if he did not answer the charges. James didn’t think they would believe him, but he told them it was the King’s baker who had started the fire by accident and that it had spread because of the wind and because all the buildings were made of wood, everyone listened with interest. The King asked him how he knew this. “I’m from the 21st century. I’ve been sent here by mistake”, he said.
Everyone began to laugh. The King was furious. He thought the professor was treating him like a fool. He silenced everyone and ordered the guards to chop off the professor’s head.
When they placed his head on the block, James hoped that he would be saved again from death, but he didn’t feel sure. His heart beat wildly and his mind raced.
“I just want to get back to the 21st century”, he said.
Then he heard a thud as the axe hit the block.
|11.||James saw people near the desert|
|12.||England was at war with Spain|
|13.||Christopher Wren was an architect|
|14.||The Tower was a prison|
|15.||James wanted to leave the 21st century|
|Read the text below. Match choices (A—G) to (16—19). There are three choices you do not need to use.|
Living in the Big Apple
To most people, New York seems an incredibly exciting place to live. What do New Yorkers think of their city?
The single girl — Sherrin Bernstein
Living in Manhattan is one big financial struggle for Sherrin Bernstein, a trainee beauty therapist. She earns enough to pay the bills, but there is little left for luxuries. “I can’t afford to do expensive things,” she says. But she can have a lot of fun in New York on a budget. A good meal in a restaurant costs little, and her favourite hobby is rollerblading in Central Park, which costs nothing. Apart from a short break in Spain last year, Sherrin has not had a holiday in ten years. She is paying her way through college and earns money by working as a skating instructor. Despite the financial drawbacks, she loves New York. “The energy in this city is incredible. The worst aspect, according to Sherrin, is pollution and noise. Car alarms go off through the night, police sirens too. It’s hard to get a good night’s sleep.” The aggressive nature of New Yorkers also makes her uncomfortable. “People push you out of the way on the subway or in the street. Sometimes I long for a more peaceful way of life.”
The family — Mr and Mrs Miles and their daughters
Seymour Miles, his wife, Jan, and their two daughters live in a three-bedroom apartment, which is large by New York standards. Mr Miles runs his own business and Jan is vice-president at a bank. The Miles say they are fortunate they can afford to send their daughters to a private school. “The school has an excellent academic reputation, every child has a computer. Things like that influenced our decision to invest so much in their education.’ Bringing children up in New York has its benefits and drawbacks. A big advantage is access to New York’s rich cultural life. The girls go regularly to museums and art galleries and see all the latest films. ‘In New York, they are exposed to the diversity of people, they see other cultures and are enriched by that,’ says Mr Miles. The disadvantage is they do not have the freedom to go out in the street and play. ‘Everything has to be supervised and arranged in advance.’ The Miles say New York is becoming more and more expensive to live in, so many people are leaving and moving out to the suburbs.
The couple — Mr and Mrs Rochford
A few years ago, Jeff Rochford considered moving out of New York, where he’s lived in all his life. “Crime was out of control, the economy was in a mess. It was becoming a dangerous place to live. But the clampdown on crime has improved the city tremendously.” Mr Rochford and his wife, Verda, live in a tiny one-bedroom apartment. Although it is expensive to live in Manhattan, Mr Rochford says he feeds off the city’s energy and would not live anywhere else. “Here we’ve got everything at our fingertips. Anything you want is available 24 hours a day. Mrs Rochford, however, who grew up on a farm in the country, says she has a ‘love-hate’ relationship with New York. I hate that feeling of being closed in. We’re trying to save up for a bigger home,” she says.
The homeless person — Gerry Brown
Begging for coins on Fifth Avenue, Gerry Brown doesn’t display an ounce of self-pity. ‘A lot of wealthy people live here and good luck to them. I know a lot of them and they give me money because they like me.’ Gerry, 44, has been unemployed for five years. He stays at a friend’s house and comes into the city centre every day. “I do odd jobs.” He gets financial support and food stamps each month from the State. The rest of the time he earns money by going through rubbish bins and picking out cans and bottles for recycling. ‘I find stuff, like televisions and radios and sell them,’ he says. He is experienced enough to know how to look after himself. “I know where to get a free shower. I know where to get food — the supermarkets, the restaurants — they all give it away”.
Which of the people
|A||has just enough money to buy necessities?|
|B||enjoys a spare-time activity that is tiresome?|
|C||spends a lot of money for food?|
|D||says that prices in New York are rising?|
|E||is disturbed by the noise of the train?|
|F||mentions several sources of income?|
|G||thinks New York is now a safer place than before?|
|Read the text below. For each of the empty space (20—31) choose the correct answer (A, B, C, D).|
High factor sun creams have become a necessity to protect us against dangerous ultra-violet light. But fears that creams are not protective enough have now (20)________ scientists to develop sunproof fabrics to add further protection against the damaging (21)________ of the sun. A lightweight T-shirt, for example, has a sun protection factor of about 10, which (22)________ that you could still get burned through the fabric. Australian scientists have now (23)________ a way of introducing (24)________ fibres into clothing which will act as a 90 % (25)________ against UV rays. The material is dipped into a certain dye, (26)________ a chemical barrier between the cloth and the sunlight, giving it a factor of 45-50. Sun-proofing is just one of many techniques being tested to produce these “smart fabrics”. At a French Institute chemists are (27)________ a material that will absorb heat. Other (28)________ include fabrics that help you relax, stay (29)________ and even give up smoking. The Institute is even organizing hospital (30)________ of a fabric containing anti-bacterial chemicals that (31)________ further infection after medical treatment.
|27||operating on||trying on||bringing in||working on|
|Read the text below. Choose from (A—H) the one which best fits each space (32—37). There are two choices you do not need to use.|
Madrid, capital and largest city of Spain. It is also the capital of the autonomous region and province of Madrid. The city of Madrid is located in the historic region of New Castile near the geographic centre of the Iberian Peninsula. Madrid is Spain’s administrative, financial, and transportation centre. The city is famous for its historical landmarks, museums, (32)________, broad boulevards, and outdoor cafes.
Madrid lies in an interior region that Spaniards call the heart of Spain. This region is divided in two by the Sierra de Guadarrama and the Sierra de Gredos (33)________. The city has an area of 607 sq km (234 sq mi) and lies within a larger autonomous community and province, both also called Madrid, which make up the same area of 7995 sq km (3087 sq mi). The city of Madrid spreads over several rolling hills at the northern edge of New Castile. Until about 1960 the small Manzanares River marked the western and southern boundaries of the city, but since then urbanization has spread across the river. Once a greenbelt at the edge of Madrid, the river is now bordered by high-speed roads that provide motorists with access to the center of the city. Beyond (34)________, which ends abruptly, Madrid is surrounded by farmland.
Although Madrid lies (35)________ New York City and Chicago, its weather is mild most of the year. Winters in Madrid are fairly temperate because the Gulf Stream brings warm ocean water along the western coast of Spain and Portugal, and prevailing winds pull warm air inland. It is rare for Madrid to have more than (36)________ ; the average temperature in January ranges from 2° C (35° F) to 9° C (47° F). In contrast, summers can be hot, with July temperatures ranging from 17° C (63° F) to 31° C (87° F). The summer heat is often lessened in the evenings by winds from the Sierra de Guadarrama mountains. These same winds, however, can make winter weather seem (37)________. The yearly rainfall varies considerably, but it averages 460 mm (18 in), about the same as Tucson, Arizona.
|C||as far north as|
|D||a trace of snow|
|F||the developed part of the city|
|G||active street life|
|Read the text below. Fill in the each gap with the one word which best fits each space (38-46).|
Marker of the Atom TombsNuclear waste is very difficult to get rid of, not only because it cannot be stored safely, but (38)________ because it remains dangerous (39)________ thousands of years.
Nuclear researchers are currently debating (40)________ nuclear waste is best stored in tunnels on the sea bed or buried deep (41)________ the ground. In addition, the places (42)________ nuclear waste is stored have to be marked in some (43)________ to prevent people from digging into them or simply going (44)________ close to them. Marking them is, however, no easy task as markers must be able to warn people thousands of years from now (45)________ the dangers buried deep in the ground.
After a great (46)________ of research, markers have been designed which should frighten people away.
|Read the text below. Fill in the each gap with the one word which best fits each space (47-50).|
The Media, which has many different forms including television, radio and newspaper has a (4 7)________ to inform people about what is happening in the world (48)________ have to be independent and report only facts.
The press are often subject to (49) _, and there is a thin line between (50)________ of privacy and the public’s right to know. Despite the influential role that the media plays, many people are skeptical of it, believing it not to be trustworthy.
51. You read an article in a local newspaper about a proposal to build a new factory in your town. Write a letter to the editor expressing your disagreement.
1.B; 2.G; 3.D; 4.A; 5.E; 6.B; 7.C; 8.D; 9.A; 10.A; 11.F; 12.F; 13.T; 14.T; 15.F; 16.A; 17.D; 18.G; 19.F; 20.C; 21.A; 22.C; 23.B; 24.B; 25.A; 26.C; 27.D; 28.B; 29.C; 30.A; 31.B; 32.G; 33.B; 34.F; 35.C; 36.D; 37.H; 38.C; 39.B; 40.D; 41.A; 42.B; 43.D; 44.C; 45.B; 46.A
47. responsibility 48. Journalists 49. criticism 50. invasion