Пробне ЗНО 2019
Task 1. LISTENING
Listen to the speakers. For questions (1–6) choose the correct answer (A, B or C). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet. You will listen to each recording twice.
1. What has the customer decided to buy?
2. What are the speakers going to do in the morning?
3. What has the speaker bought as a gift for a friend?
Task 2. LISTENING
Listen to the text. For statements (7–11) choose T if the statement is true according to the text, F if it is false. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet. You will listen to the text twice.
|7. Los Angeles and American film industry developed simultaneously.|
|8. Los Angeles climate is beneficial to film making.|
|9. The first movie company in Los Angeles was built in the city centre.|
|10. The Walt Disney Company moved from New York to Hollywood.|
|11. There is an 80-year movie history museum in Hollywood.|
Task 3. LISTENING
Listen to the text. For questions (12–16) choose the correct answer (A, B or C). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet. You will listen to the text twice.
12. When will National Read a Book Day take place?
A in autumn
B in spring
C in summer
13. When did Gerald Durrell write his book My Family and Other Animals?
A before he moved to Jersey
B when he was a child
C after he watched a TV series
14. What did Gerald Durrell found in Jersey?
A a nature museum
B a conservation centre
C a television channel
15. What kind of book is
The Fantastic Flying Journey?
A an autobiographical novel
B a guidebook for travellers
C a fiction book for kids
16. What is Gerald Durrell’s last book about?
A looking for unique animals
B travelling around the world
C collecting Madagascar plants
Task 4. READING
Read the texts below. Match choices (A–H) to (17–21). There are three choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.
Which advertisement describes... ?
A a museum
B a model agency
C a kindergarten
D a hotel
E a theatre
F a play area
G a shopping mall
H an antique shop
Task 5. READING
Read the text below. For questions (22–26) choose the correct answer (A, B, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.
Reincarnation can be defined as a rebirth of the soul in a new body. Legend has it that the Dalai Lamas have been reborn thirteen times. Since the first Dalai Lama, each reincarnation has succeeded in bringing peace and wisdom to not only Buddhists but to many people around the world. But how are the Dalai Lamas found?
In order to find the present 14th reincarnation, the Regent of Tibet took a journey to lake Lhamo Lhatso in southern Tibet. For centuries the Tibetans had observed that visions of the future could be seen in this lake. The Regent had a vision. Among other things, he saw three Tibetan letters followed by a picture of a monastery.
The vision contained enough information to seek out the next Dalai Lama. In 1937 high lamas carrying the secrets of the vision were sent to all parts of Tibet in search of the place that the Regent had seen in the lake. When they arrived in Amdo, northeastern Tibet, they found a place matching the description of the secret vision. There they found a two-year-old boy. The child soon became comfortable with his visitors and began to play with a necklace that the high lama wore, which had belonged to the 13th Dalai Lama. In the Central Tibetan dialect, a language unknown to the district he lived in, the child demanded the necklace, claiming it belonged to him. He later addressed the government official by his proper name and also identified the high lama and servants. Astonished, the men left the village only to return to apply tests to the child to help find out if he truly was the Dalai Lama. He passed the test quite easily. As a result, they were sure that the two-year-old boy before them was the 14th Dalai Lama of Tibet.
The 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, describes himself as a simple Buddhist monk. He has an interest in machines, which he developed as a young boy. As a teenager he repaired a movie projector by himself, without its guide or any instructions. His hobbies include meditating, gardening, and collecting and repairing watches. He has been known to say that he would have become an engineer if he hadn’t been a monk.
The Dalai Lama has been the spiritual leader of Tibet since 1950. In 1989 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for his advocating policies of non-violence. He was also highly appreciated for his anxiety for global environmental problems. He has travelled to more than 67 countries spanning 6 continents holding discussions with heads of different religions and participating in many events promoting inter-religious harmony and understading. He has received over 150 awards, honorary doctorates and prizes in recognition of his message of non-aggression, universal responsibility and compassion. He has also authored or co-authored more than 110 books.
The 14th Dalai Lama has 18.5 million followers on Twitter and regularly tweets about solving conflicts without violence. In a May 2013 Harris Poll, the Dalai Lama outranked President Obama in popularity by 13 percent.
22. How did the Tibetans predict the future?
A They looked for clues in the water.
B They travelled to all parts of Tibet.
C They had vivid dreams about it.
D They got letters from monasteries.
23. Which of the following is NOT TRUE about the two-year-old boy?
A He said who the visitors were.
B He was at ease with the guests.
C He told the guests his proper name.
D He greatly surprised the visitors.
24. What was the Dalai Lama awarded the Nobel Prize for?
A care for ecology
B literary achievements
C promotion of peace
D scientific activities
25. Why does the Dalai Lama travel around the world?
A to receive global admiration
B to do his doctoral research
C to gather data for his books
D to bring different people together
26. What is stated in the text about the 14th Dalai Lama?
A He dreamt of becoming a gardener in his youth.
B He is keen on various instruments and equipment.
C He has a collection of movie projectors he repaired.
D He has been posting tweets about presidents since 2013.
Task 6. READING
Read the texts below. Match choices (A–H) to (27–32). There are two choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.
The Science Museum is the most visited science and technology museum in Europe. There are over 15,000 objects on display, including world-famous objects such as the Apollo 10 command capsule and Stephenson’s Rocket. Our interactive galleries bring to life first scientific principles and contemporary science debates. You can experience what it’s like to fly with the Red Arrows or blast off into space on an Apollo space mission in our stunning 3D and 4D simulators or watch a film on a screen taller than four double-decker buses in the IMAX 3D Cinema. The museum doesn’t charge visitors for admission.
The Natural History Museum boasts a collection of the biggest, tallest and rarest animals in the world. See a life-sized blue whale, a 40-million-year-old spider, and the beautiful Central Hall. Other highlights include dinosaur fossils and this summer’s blockbuster exhibitions Whales: Beneath the surface and Wildlife Photographer of the Year. The Museum offers a wide-ranging programme of temporary exhibitions all year round which inspire a love of the natural world and educate on the power of nature.
The Design Museum is the world’s leading museum which offers inspiring insights into the world of design with exhibitions on fashion, architecture, furniture, graphic, product, transport and digital design. Alongside its cutting-edge programme of exhibitions, the museum also hosts a variety of talks and family activities. The museum has opened in its spectacular new building on High Street Kensington. No prior booking required.
Based in the heart of Covent Garden, the London Transport Museum explores the powerful link between transport and the growth of modern London, its culture and society since 1800. Highlights include the iconic red London bus, the world’s first Underground steam train – a train carriage dating back to the 1890s. Young people and adults can enjoy the interactive galleries which include stepping aboard real buses and trains and having a go on a tube driving simulator. Here you can buy a perfect gift or iconic London souvenir, or relax in our cafe bar overlooking Covent Garden Piazza.
The Museum of London, which has just had a ?20 million redevelopment, is the world’s largest urban museum. Step inside the museum for an unforgettable journey through the capital’s turbulent past. Discover prehistoric London, see how the city changed under Romans and Saxons, wonder at medieval London and examine the stormy years when London was ruined by civil wars, plague and fire. Then visit the Galleries of Modern London where you can walk the streets of Victorian London, take a stroll in recreated pleasure gardens and admire the magnificent Lord Mayor’s Coach.
The British Museum is one of the greatest museums in the world! Founded in 1753, the British Museum’s remarkable collection spans over two million years of human history. Enjoy a unique comparison of the treasures of world cultures under one roof, centred around the magnificent Great Court. World-famous objects such as the Rosetta Stone, Parthenon sculptures, and Egyptian mummies are visited by up to six million people per year. For groups of 10 or more reservation is necessary.
Which museum... ?
A offers group discounts
B has shopping facilities
C provides a double-decker tour
D requires booking in advance
E has no entrance fee
F has recently been restored
G changes exhibits throughout the year
H has moved to another location
Task 7. READING
Read the text below. Choose from (A–H) the one which best fits each space (33–38). There are two choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.
Shirley Fulton-Deugo and six generations of her family carry on a tradition of making maple syrup. “When the sap starts running from maple trees in late February or March, our family does too,” Shirley remarks.
“Cold nights and warm days are essential to start the sap flowing,” she reports. “Typically,
?sugaring off ? season runs from 4 to 6 weeks (33) _________ .”
“My husband and our children work together with our crew to string more than 40 miles of plastic pipelines. When the lines are in place they connect 4,000 generous maples to the sugar camp (34) _________ . Here sap is collected and boiled down to maple syrup and stirred into sugar candies.”
“It takes 40 gallons of sap (35) _________ . In general, the lighter the syrup is, the more delicate the taste. It grows darker and stronger as the season progresses.”
The farm also features a 120-seat restaurant and gift shop, walking trails and maple-flavoured tours (36) _________ . Some 30,000 visitors from over 100 countries have taken their sweet time observing and sampling the appetizing operation.
“During weekends, we offer horse-drawn wagon rides, fiddle music and children’s activities like making maple sweets. Of course, our family members, ( 37) _________ , answer questions and explain the history of syrup making.”
Lately, the Fultons have been passing the syrup to tables as far as Japan. “It’s exciting to ship
our home-made goods to people (38) _________ ,” Shirley notes.
A who are always available in the sugarcamp
B before their products are up tostandards
C which carry sap to the sugarcamp
D who may have never tasted pure maplesyrup
E to let others participate in this springritual
F until tree buds form inApril
G to boil out just one gallon ofsyrup
H which sits in the middle of this giant spiderweb
Task 8. USE OF ENGLISH
Read the texts below. For questions (39–48) choose the correct answer (A, B, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.
Faster than any other biosystem, the world’s forests are (39) _________ . As much as a third of the total tree (40) _________ has been lost since agriculture began some 10,000 years ago. In the (41) _________ forests there are more species than in any other biosystem, making forests the Earth’s chief resource for the biodiversity of species.
Tropical rain forests once covered 12% of the land of the planet. As well as supporting at least 50% of the world’s species of plants and animals, they are (42) _________ to millions of people.
In North America, there is a replanting program, but the new forests are not as diverse as the
(43) _________ rain forests they are replacing. However, this does not mean that these forests are not important to the global ecology.
In Tokyo, some of the busiest railway stations in the world have
computerised “smile scanners” to help employees (45) _________ a better service.
Now thanks to technology passengers can be assured of a friendly welcome from staff
no (46) _________ how hard-pressed they are.
The computerised “smile scanner” works by calculating the optimum curve of the lips. Those with a low score are given words of advice, such as, “you look too serious”.
Although the railway company says the smile scan system is not
(47) _________ , all staff at the station have used it. The employees say the scan has helped them check their facial
(48) _________ , which helped them communicate effectively with the customers.
Task 9. USE OF ENGLISH
Read the texts below. For questions (49–58) choose the correct answer (A, B, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answersheet.
David James’s drawing ability
(49) _________ him the title of Art Director in arguably the
(50) _________ most prestigious animation studio, DreamWorks Animation.
Make no mistake about it – this is big business. Each film takes approximately three years
(51) _________ at a cost of between 60 and 100 million US dollars. You’ve probably seen some of them. DreamWorks has produced animated films such as Antz, Shrek and The Road to El Dorado.
“There is great appeal in working on animation,” says David, “You (52) _________ time to truly get into a project. Three years to develop the design from concept through execution. You are purely working in the world of (53) _________ .”
|49||was earning||has earned||had earned||is earning|
|52||were given||has been given||had been given||are given|
A recent study may have an answer to one of
(54) __________ mysteries in science
– what is the purpose of sleep? The work (55) __________ it’s actually about making
animals function more efficiently in their environments.
Pythons and bats are among the longest sleepers at over 18 hours a day. Human babies need 16 hours, and most of us probably feel we need around eight hours of sleep (56) _________ well.
Professor Jerry Seigel from the University of California, Los Angeles, conducted a study of the sleep times of animals and found that they vary widely. Some, like migrating birds, can survive long periods without sleeping at all. He believes that sleep helps to conserve (57) __________ and to make best use of limited resources. Sleeping also makes us less likely to (58) _________ .
|54||much greater||greater||the greatest||greatest|
|55||suggests||suggest||is suggested||have suggested|
|56||functions||to function||to have functioned||is functioning|
|58||got injured||injured||have injured||get injured|