The Klamath Indians - Reading for Specific Information
Read the text below. Match choices (A – H) to (1 – 5). There are two choices you do not need to use.
The Pawnee are a tribe that lives largely in the Pawnee, Okla., area. Many young members of the tribe have governmental jobs. The Pawnee once lived in what is now Nebraska. Most of the year they lived in villages and raised corn, beans, and squash. During the hunting season, they lived in tepees made of buffalo skins.
The Pawnee men shaved their heads except for a small scalp lock. They stiffened the scalp lock with grease and paint so that it stood up like a horn.
( 2 ) _______
The Bannock Indians are a tribe that once hunted throughout the northern Rocky Mountains. They travelled in small bands hunting buffalo and other animals and fishing for salmon. They also ate the roots of the camass. In the early 1700s, the tribe acquired horses and became skilled riders. The Bannock were expert weavers who made baskets from the prairie grass. In summer, the Bannock lived in houses made of reeds and roofed with grass mats. In winter, they built small, round lodges that were partly underground.
Today, about 3,000 descendants of the Bannock live on the Fort Hall Reservation.
( 3 )_______
The Blackfeet Indians lived on the Great Plains of the USA and Canada.
In the early days, the Blackfeet hunted buffalo on foot. Later, they became skilled at stealing horses. The Blackfeet lived in buffalo-hide tepees. During the early 1800s, American beaver trappers began to enter the Blackfeet hunting grounds. After the Indians had killed a number of whites, the Americans let the Blackfeet do the trapping and bring the furs and hides to the white trading posts. In exchange the Indians received guns and ammunition, metal knives and tools, glass beads, and other articles.
The Blackfeet now farm and raise livestock.
( 4 )_______
The Klamath Indians are a tribe of southwestern Oregon. In earlier times, the Klamath made their clothing and many other objects from cattail and tule, two marsh plants that were abundant in the area. For example, they made fringed skirts, hats, and moccasins from tule and animal skins. For winter, the Klamath constructed an earthen lodge by first I digging a pit in the ground. They then built walls and a roof of wood and covered them with layers of earth and tule mats. An opening in the roof served as both an entrance and a hole to let out smoke. For summer, the Klamath built a simple shelter called a wickiup. It consisted | of a willow frame covered with tule mats. They also constructed small sweat lodges, where they took ceremonial steam baths to purify themselves. Today, many Klamath still live on or near the former reservation. The tribe continues to elect tribal leaders and maintains a business office.
( 5 ) _______
The Bell Coola Indians live in western Canada. Many of them work for canneries, fisheries, or logging companies.
They still elect a governing body called a band council to administer matters concerning the Bell Coola band.
The ancestors of the modern Bella Coola were prosperous, seafaring fisherfolk and woodworkers for thousands of years. They also gathered shellfish and seaweed from the shore. Wealthy, socially prominent individuals held feasts called potlatches, at which they gave their guests valuable gifts. Religious life centred around ceremonial dances and dramatic performances given by secret societies, and around the potlatches. Woodworkers and other artists produced elaborate costumes, masks, and settings for the events.
Which of the following ________?
A were remarkable negotiators
B used animal fat to make themselves handsome
C decorated themselves with dyed scalps of their foes
D consumed some wild plants of the prairie and rode stallions
E lived in dome-shaped shacks covered with bark and gave performances around them
F made clothing of hides, lacked front doors and built primitive saunas
G were skillful weavers and were known for taming lions
H gave presents, travelled by boats and made festive garments and decorations
1.B; 2.D; 3.A; 4.F; 5.H