Light Pollution: Multiple Choice Vocabulary Test

Some years ago, when I was working as an astronomer at the Greenwich Observatory in London, I received a letter from an elderly lady living (0)_______ who said: 'When I was a girl, we could see so many stars, but they're not there any more. Have they faded?' Walking down the hill on which the observatory stands, I (1)_______ the truth of what she said. (2)_______ me were all the lights of London and above me was the orange glow they (3)_______ up into the night sky. But I could (4)_______ see any stars.

If light pollution - as this effect is known - continues to increase at its present (5)_______, our grandchildren will only (6)_______ the chance to see the stars if they visit an observatory (7)_______ the one in Greenwich. Light pollution is almost (8)_______ for granted in most cities, and it is fast spreading into rural areas too.

(9)_______ recent research, almost half of all Europeans and two-thirds of North Americans can no longer see the Milky Way. And this type of pollution doesn't only (10)_______ our view of the night sky, it also wastes money and causes environmental pollution. For example, a single light bulb, (11)_______ all year, releases around a quarter of a tonne of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, (12)_______ global warming even worse.

0 nearby closely vicinity neighbourly
1 regarded realised remarked reacted
2 Across Between Aside Beneath
3 give send keep fill
4 clearly surely hardly faintly
5 case rank grade rate
6 carry draw get catch
7 like similar same as
8 brought taken felt passed
9 According to Apart from Instead of In addition to
10 destroy deny defeat delay
11 set off put in left on joined up
12 letting resulting causing making

1.B; 2.D; 3.B; 4.C; 5.D; 6.C; 7.A; 8.B; 9.A; 10.A; 11.C; 12.D

  • 1.B
  • 2.D
  • 3.B
  • 4.C
  • 5.D
  • 6.C
  • 7.A
  • 8.B
  • 9.A
  • 10.A
  • 11.C
  • 12.D