Пробне ЗНО 2013
Task 1. READING
Read the text below. Match choices (A – H) to (1 – 5). There are three choices you do not need to use.
This advertisement is for people who...
A want to buy bicycles
B prefer an active pastime
C want to borrow a lot of money
D want brand name accessories
E need to repair a car
F want to host a party
G want to see a show
H need to go somewhere
Task 2. READING
Read the text below. For questions (6 – 10) choose the correct answer (A, B, C or D).
How to Make an impressive Speech
Having a tough time deciding on what persuasive speech topics to talk about? Don’t sweat it. First, you must know your target audience very well. Know their age, sex, educational attainments and career experiences. Find out what their beliefs, dreams and goals are. What keeps them excited or awake at night? If possible, know their personal, cultural, social, religious and political backgrounds. This will prevent you from saying something that might be offensive to a particular race or culture.
Then, based on the information gathered from your audience, make a list of persuasive speech ideas that might fit their personality, status or background. Remember that the worst thing you could do is deliver a boring speech, so try to come up with controversial yet useful themes. Make persuasive speech topics that will benefit your audience. Remember people are always thinking of "WIIFM" (What’s In It For Me?). If they do not see any good results or advantages for listening to your speech, they will not be interested or responsive.
Choosing your topics, check those items that you either are an authority on or are very familiar with. Your audience will look up to people with authority. If they perceive you as someone who is an expert on a subject, they would be more likely to listen to you and accept your viewpoints.
Do proper research over the Internet and libraries to come up with your persuasive speech ideas. During your research, take note of the most interesting or helpful facts relevant to your audience. Keep an open mind and relate how your research can solve their problems or improve any aspect of their life.
Some people are naturally skeptical, so make your statements well-grounded: gather statistics, facts, presentations, case studies or true stories. Make sure you note the source or reference.
Finding persuasive speech topics is easy if you follow the guidelines above.
6. According to the text, which is the first thing you should do to impress the audience?
|A||Wake them up with a shocking statement.|
|B||Share your views and opinions with them.|
|C||Know the people who you speak to.|
|D||Find out if you are of similar background.|
7. According to the text, what do people expect most from your speech?
|A||It should be full of ideas.|
|B||It should be instructive.|
|C||It should be useful.|
|D||It should be funny.|
8. Which topics should be preferred?
|A||Topics well-known to the audience.|
|B||Topics you have good knowledge of.|
|C||Topics conforming with the audience’s opinion.|
|D||Topics connected with widely accepted ideas.|
9. Which of the following is the phrase "keep an open mind" (paragraph 4) closest in meaning to?
|A||Be ready to accept views and opinions of others.|
|B||Help the audience express their view and ideas.|
|C||Know the subject you are talking about.|
|D||Put a lot of thought in your work.|
10. According to the text, which of the following is NOT mentioned in the text?
|A||Prove what you are going to say.|
|B||Conduct preliminary research.|
|C||Make references to your sources.|
|D||Put your speech online.|
Task 3. READING
Read the texts below. Match choices (A – H) to (11 – 16). There are three choices you do not need to use.
Which of the following schools __________?
|A accepts applications starting October 1||E runs different programs for all ages|
|B adheres to a policy of non-discrimination||F offers professional development courses|
|C offers courses for college graduates only||G invites students of Grades 6-12|
|D offers activities for young learners||H combines classroom education and hands-on training|
Task 4. READING
Read the text below. Choose from (A–H) the one which best fits each space (17–22). There are two choices you do not need to use.
The Boy Scout Who Was Tintin
As with many great fictional heroes, there are several possible models who may or may not have inspired the character of the brave boy reporter Tintin. But one of the most likely was a Danish youngster named Palle Huld, (17)________ to travel around the world in imitation of Jules Verne’s Phileas Fogg. In his case, he was given just 46 days to accomplish the feat, wasn’t allowed a companion and was forbidden to travel by aeroplane. Nevertheless, Huld managed it in 44 days. Nor was it only his age and dauntless spirit (18)________. It was also his appearance. He had freckles, a snub nose and unruly bright-red hair.
Huld, (19)________, was chosen from applicants, and set off among a storm of publicity in March. His voyage was not without mishaps, yet he made it home - much to the relief of his poor mother, (20)_________ during her boy’s absence to help her cope with the stress.
The following year, the enterprising Huld wrote his own account of his adventures, A Boy Seoul Around the World, (21)________ . His travels around the globe apparently gave him a taste for fame, too. He went on to become a distinguished actor, (22)________, including Three Men In Search of a Troll.
A which was translated into several languages
B who at the age of 15 won a competition
C who had been prescribed sleeping pills
D that influenced his decision
E who was then working in an automobile dealership
F appearing in some 40 films
G that made him a truthful model for Tintin
H making his wishes come true
Task 5. USE OF ENGLISH
Read the text below. For questions (23–32) choose the correct answer (A, B, C or D).
The Meaning of Monkey Talk
Krak! Hok! Boom! These might sound (23)________ random noises to us, but to a species of monkey living in Ivory Coast, they (24)________ a very specific meaning. During (25)________ studies of the Campbell’s monkeys in the Tai National Park, naturalists (26)________ that when the monkeys spotted a leopard on the prowl, they would cry "Krak!" to (27)________ other members of their group of the danger. A hok, by (28)________, alerted other monkeys that a crowned eagle was circling overhead. Boom seemed only to indicate that a branch had broken (29)________ a nearby tree. What particularly intrigued the researchers, however, was the fact that the creatures weren’t just (30)________ certain sounds to certain events, but seemed to have developed a kind of syntax. Sometimes, for instance, a monkey would add an oo sound to one of the above-mentioned noises, to suggest a(an)(31)________ but more general threat: so krak-oo would mean that there was danger, but not (32) from a leopard. The language of the Campbell’s monkeys may be "the most complex example of ‘proto-syntax’ in animal communication known to date", the researchers told.
Task 6. USE OF ENGLISH
Read the text below. For questions (33–42) choose the correct answer (A, B, C or D).
The Leaning Tower of Pisa Has Never Been Straight
Soon after building started in 1173, the foundation of the Pisa tower settled unevenly. Construction (33)________, and was continued only a 100 year later. It then became visibly clear that the Tower of Pisa is leaning, tilting to the south.
Since regular measuring of the tower began in 1911, the top of the tower (34)________ 1,2 millimeters per year. In 1989, the Tower of Pisa Project Consortium commissioned engineers (35)________ the Leaning Tower. Because the Tower tilted in different directions in its first years, it is slightly curved, like a banana. Engineers are working on the footing of the Tower rather than the structure, (36)________ to ease the top back about 20cm. But it means that (37)________ tower will remain leaning.
|33||are stopped||has stopped||is stopped||stopped|
|34||has moved||was moved||was moving||had moved|
|37||the 800-years’ old||the 800-year old||the 800-year’s old||the 800-years old|
The Swiftly Evolving Blackcap
Evolution doesn’t have to take centuries. In the case of the Blackcap songbird, (38)________ decades were enough. The birds breed in the forests of southern Germany, and traditionally fly to Spain for the winter. Most still make the journey south, but since the 1960s, 10% (39)________ to wintering in England, where the colder climate is more than (40)________ by the food left out on bird tables - a postwar phenomenon. These birds have rounder wings than their Spanish cousins (which provide better mobility but are (41)________ suited to long-distance flight) and longer, narrower beaks, better suited to bread and nuts than to olives. Researchers speculate that if the birds (42)________ to evolve in this way, they could eventually become a distinct species.
|38||a little||few||little||a few|
|39||have taken||taken||has taken||taking|
You should like to work in Great Britain tis summer. And you have read this advertisement in a newspaper
London Language Summer School is looking for young energetic helpers. Duties include helping with different outdoor activities. Helpers must be good organizers, keen on sports and be able to work at any time, including evenings, from the 1st to the 30th of August. Intermediate level of English is essential.
Write a letter of application. In your letter write about:
- why you are writing
- your personal qualities, language skills and experience with children
- why you think this work experience would be important for your future
Write a letter of at least 100 words. Do not write your own name, any dates, addresses or other personal information. Start your letter in an appropriate way.