Пробне ЗНО 2014
Task 1. READING
Read the text below. Match choices (A – H) to (1 – 5). There are three choices you do not need to use.
Which of the following links would you click on to get the information given on the Disneyland Park website?
Every month offers a different way to experience what the Disneyland Resort has. From summer performances to the quieter winter months, there are different advantages for visiting during various seasons.
If you want to visit when the number of guests is lower, plan to stay mid-week — Tuesdays to Thursday.
If you would like to come when hours and entertainment are at their peak, June through August is our high season.
Take home a piece of the magic! The Disneyland Resort is filled with charming stores featuring a perfect collection of Disney merchandise. Select the perfect souvenir to make the memories last a lifetime or bring home a gift to share the charm with someone special.
Visit our world-class restaurants for food, music and fun. Venture to the French Quarter at Ralph Brennan's Jazz Kitchen, the tropical jungles of the Rainforest Cafe or the Southern stylings of the House of Blues. Of course, you'll find special seasonal treats throughout the Disneyland Resort!
Save up to 30 % on most stays at a Disneyland Resort Hotel Sunday through Thursday nights from August 12 through September 29, 2012. As a registered Resort Hotel Guest, enjoy early admission — during every day of hotel stay — to select attractions, stores, entertainment and dining locations in cither Disneyland Park or Disney California Adventure Park one hour before the park opens to the general public.
Be sure to take comfortable clothing and shoes. Light colored clothes are best to help reflect the sun's rays.
Sunglasses and hats are perfect for blocking the sun too.
C Tickets and Fees
D What To Wear
E Special Offers
F When To Visit
G Guided Tours
H Special Events
Task 2. READING
Read the text below. For questions (6 – 10) choose the correct answer (A, B, C or D).
Crossing the Atlantic by Raft for WaterAid
Anthony Smith and his crew of the An-Tiki arrive in Philipsburg, St. Maarten after 66 days at sea
After 66 days at sea, a grandfather from London and his three-man crew have successfully crossed the Atlantic on a raft made of pipes.
Anthony Smith, 85, wanted to complete the 2,800-mile voyage to highlight the fact that a billion people worldwide live without clean water.
The former BBC Tomorrow's World science correspondent and presenter hoped to collect £50,000 for the charity WaterAid. They set sail from the Canary Islands and reached the Caribbean 66 days later. Mr. Smith recruited the team of "mature and daring gentlemen" — aged between 56 and 61 — by placing an advert in the Daily Telegraph. It read: "Fancy rafting across the Atlantic? Famous traveller requires 3 crew. Must be OAP (old age pensioner). Serious adventurers only."
Speaking ahead of the trip Mr Smith said: "Water strikes at the very heart of need. To voyage almost 3,000 miles upon the salty kind will make us intensely aware of places in the world that are without adequate supplies."
Their vessel, named the An-Tiki, was constructed out of 39 foot lengths of pipe. It was powered by a 400-square-foot sail and travelled at an average speed of four knots. The crew had intended to end their voyage in the Bahamas, but strong winds and currents forced them to the Dutch Caribbean island of St. Maarten.
Crew member John Russell, 61, from Stroud, said he was looking forward to "having a nice shower and washing the salt off me and having a nice steak to eat. We haven't had fresh food for a long time. We've been living out of tins. Our fresh fruit and vegetables ran out a long time ago."
6. Why did Anthony Smith decide to cross the Atlantic?
|A||He wanted to earn money.|
|B||He wanted to become famous.|
|C||He wanted to appear on TV.|
|D||He wanted to raise money.|
|A||a television journalist|
|B||an advertising agent|
|C||a social activist|
|D||a vice president for a charity|
|A||in the Canary Islands|
|B||in the Caribbean|
|C||in the Bahamas|
|D||in Philipsburg on St. Maarten|
|D||fruit and vegetables|
|A||They had run out of water supplies.|
|B||They had no fresh food left.|
|C||They had problems with the vessel.|
|D||They had unexpected weather conditions.|
Task 3. READING
Read the texts below. Match choices (A–H) to (11–16). There are two choices you do not need to use.
Which of the places gives you an opportunity to __________?
A enjoy live music all week
B taste locally made drinks
C bring your dog with you
D enjoy new recipes
E bring the children with you
F hold a family celebration
G taste amazing desserts
H enjoy vegetable and meat dishes
Task 4. READING
Read the text below. Choose from (A–H) the one which best fits each space (17–22).
There are two choices you do not need to use.
Do School Libraries Still Need Books?
In an era of Internet research and downloadable books,
some educators question the need for printed collections
An online library cannot replace the unique collection of resources that I — like many school librarians — have built over a period of years (17) ________ of my students, faculty, and the school's curriculum.
One of my primary responsibilities as a librarian is to teach information-literacy skills — including defining research questions, avoiding plagiarism, and documenting sources. In my experience, this works best face-to-face with students. That personal interaction is supported by the electronic availability of materials but (18) ________.
Librarians also encourage reading, which (19) ________. Focused reading is more likely to occur with printed books than with online material.
Today's students shouldn't miss out on the unique pleasure of getting lost in a physical book. Research shows that the brain functions differently when (20)________, and different formats complement different learning styles.
Unlike an e-reader or a laptop, which may provide access to many books but (21) ________, a printed book is a relatively inexpensive information-delivery system that is not dependent on equipment, power, or bandwidth for its use.
One of the beauties of libraries is that we keep up with new technologies, but (22) ________. We don't have to choose between technology and printed books, and we shouldn't.
A it's a simple matter for a savvy to find them
B we also hold on to the old things that work well
C is crucial to student success
D to serve the specific needs
E is limited to a single user
F reading online versus reading a book
G provide several chapters to read free
H is not replaced by it
Task 5. USE OF ENGLISH
Read the text below. For questions (23–32) choose the correct answer (A, B, C or D).
Youngest Language in the World
Scientists (23)________ that the youngest language in the world is Afrikaans, spoken by South Africans. Dutch and German Protestants avoided persecution from the Roman Catholic Church in the 17th and 18th centuries to (24)________ in the Dutch colony of the Cape of Good Hope on the southern point of Africa. By the early 20th century Afrikaans had (25)________ from Dutch, German and other influences into a(n) (26)________ independent language with its own dictionaries. It is the third most spoken language in South Africa (Zulu being the most spoken, the Zulu people being the largest ethnic group there).
New languages develop as different cultures meet and (27)________. For instance, about 700 different languages are spoken in London. In some suburbs of big cities (28)________ London and New York, English is now a second language. The same is happening — or has taken place — in cities such as Los Angeles, Miami and Singapore. Already the Internet and mobile phone texting are (29)________ the development of languages as people communicate (30)________ across cultural and regional borders.
The smallest country in the world is the Vatican. It also is the only country where Latin is the (31)________ language. Somalia is the only country in the world where all the (32)________ speak one language, Somali.
Task 6. USE OF ENGLISH
Read the text below. For questions (33–42) choose the correct answer (A, B, C or D).
Arnold van Praag
Arnold van Praag is a member of that illustrious generation of artists who studied at the Slade School in (33)________.
The figures he paints are not formal portraits, directly (34)________ from the model, but come from the memory or imagination.
Glowing colours and rich dark tones (35)________ on to the canvas with lush, untidy brushstrokes, giving a great sense of (36)________ and life. In Evening Walk just the contemplative head of the walker is shown against a turbulent sky in gathering darkness. In Painting, the figure is squeezed modestly into a corner, against the vivid colours of the poster behind. It is an excellent example of (37)________ tender eye for the dramas of everyday life.
|33||50s||the 50s||the 50th||50th|
|35||applied||are applied||applying||have applied|
|37||Arnold van Praag||Arnold's van Praag||Arnold van Praag's||Arnold's van Praag's|
Why do People Become Vegetarians?
For much of the world, vegetarianism is (38)________ a matter of economics. In countries like the United States people often choose to be vegetarians for reasons (39)________ than costs. Parental preferences, religious or other beliefs, and health issues are (40)________ the most common reasons for (41)________ to be a vegetarian. Many people choose a vegetarian diet out of concern over animal rights or the environment. And lots of people have (42)________ one reason for choosing vegetarianism.
|41||be choosing||choose||choosing||being chosen|
|42||more||more than||the most||much more|
You and your friends went on a two-day walking tour to a beautiful lake not far from your city/village last weekend. Write a letter to your English pen friend about this trip. Do not forget the things you need to write about in your letter:
- who went on a walking tour with you
- how you got to the place where you stayed (your means of transport and route)
- how you spent the weekend near the lake
Write a letter of at least 100 words. Do not write your own name, any dates, addresses or other personal information. Start your letter in an appropriate way.