Test 19

PAPER I. Reading, Use of English and Grammar

Task 1

Read the text below. Match choices (A-H) to (1-5). There are three choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Some Ways to Better Health in Minutes

By Michele Meyer

It takes more than an apple a day to keep the doctor away - but not much more. Here are some habits that require only a few minutes each, but will keep you on the road to good health when you’ve got more desire than time.

1. _____________________

Make yourself feel more than six years younger simply by brushing and flossing every day, says Michael Roizen, M.D., an anesthesiologist and internist at the University of Illinois, Chicago. He says that the latest research shows a link between the bacteria pervasive in tooth decay and the bacteria found in artery clogging. “Men under 50 with advanced periodontal disease are 2.6 times more likely to die prematurely and three times more likely to die of heart disease than those with healthy teeth.”

2. ______________________

Take in an art show, watch a film, or attend a concert this weekend. A nine-year study of 12,000 people in Sweden found that those who attended such cultural events were about 36 percent more likely to live longer than those who rarely did so. As reported in a recent British Medical Journal, such pleasures arouse the immune system, helping to fend off illnesses.

3. _______________________

Pasteurizing apple juice kills bacteria. Also, just one teaspoon of cinnamon mixed into a 64- ounce bottle of unpasteurized apple juice kills 99% of the E. coli bacteria that may be present, found microbiology researchers at Kansas State University in Manhattan, Kansas.

They also discovered that adding 3 teaspoons of cloves to every quarter pound of hamburger had the same effect. That’s much more clove than most of us want, but adding cinnamon, garlic, and oregano helps too.

4. ________________________

Exercising your brain may slow the development of Alzheimer’s disease. A recent study of 193 Alzheimer’s patients and 358 healthy people, mostly in their early 70s, showed that those who were mentally active from ages 40 to 60 were three times less likely to have Alzheimer’s і disease. The study was done by the researchers at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio.

5. ________________________

Just leaning back, closing your eyes, and relaxing for a few minutes will help you make clearer decisions and be able to attend to detail. If you are really dragging, nap. It’s amazing how you’ll be revived for the rest of the day - and you’ll be in a better mood.

Source: Better Homes and Gardens, January, 2001.

A Spice up the battle against food-borne bacteria

В Drowsing will recharge your batteries

C Don’t neglect this magic thread

D Challenge your minds to thwart affliction

E Sharpen your mind to reduce strain

F Eat more herbs to fend off bacteria

G Gargle your mouth cavity and live longer

H Savour yourself to extend your life

1 2 3 4 5

Task 2

Read the text below. For questions (6-11) choose the correct answer (А, В, C, or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Martial Art Fully Good

By Melissa Stage

Defining martial arts films is not an easy task - the genre is a dizzying array of action, adventure, romance, comedy, and grand stunts played out in numerous styles.

The ancient practice of martial arts has become an ideal storytelling partner for the modern art of filmmaking. Although the genre of martial-arts films originated in China, these thrilling action films have gained international acclaim and popularity. As the genre travels across the globe, its style and philosophy continuously evolve.

The martial-art style of film originated in Shanghai in the 1920s. The first film contained warring martial-arts factions, crude special effects, grand Beijing Opera-style choreographed fight scenes, and female warriors. The genre became known as wu xia pian, or ’films of chivalrous combat’.

In the 1930s, world events shaped the genre’s development. The Shanghai movie scene relocated to Hong Kong during the Sino-Japanese war. These filmmakers (who used the Mandarin dialect) initially followed the wu xia pian style, but then shifted to making wen yi pan, or ’literary arts films’, which were melodramas or adaptations of novels. The Mandarin films later added more special effects, fantastical story lines and settings, romance, and swordplay.

Cantonese-dialect wu xiapian films also were being made in Hong Kong at this time, but they developed a somewhat different style. Cantonese hero and martial artist Wong Feihung taught his skills to the future directors of Hong Kong cinema before his death in 1924, and his name became synonymous with an emerging style of martial-arts films. More than 60 films were based on this legendary character - films that focused on actual kung fu-fighting style (unarmed combat) and a fight to help an underdog.

In the 1970s, Bruce Lee created his own version of the kung fu film in Hong Kong and overseas. Born in the U.S., Lee grew up in Hong Kong but moved back to the U.S. to attend college. After his success on the 1966 TV show The Green Hornet, Lee moved back to China and began making films. Rejecting the over-the-top-styles, choreography, and story lines of films of that time, Lee focused on power and speed, bringing a realism and overt masculinity to the genre. After Lee’s untimely death in 1973, interest in Hong Kong kung fu cinema briefly declined until a new element was added: comedy.

Jackie Chan’s career was launched in - you guessed it - in Hong Kong with Drunken Master in 1978. Chan blended his Beijing Opera training in martial arts and acrobatics with the comedy style of silent film star Buster Keaton. He also did his own stunts, which added excitement to his films. Chan achieved success in Hong Kong and then tackled the U.S. with 1995’s Rumble in the Bronx. Chan’s success in the U.S. continued with Rush Hour (1998) and Shanghai Noon (2000). The Rush Hour trilogy perfectly represents the mix of cultures in today’s martial-arts films. The films were written, produced, and directed by Americans but star Chan, who brings his unique talents to American films while maintaining his stardom in Hong Kong.

Hong Kong stars don’t have a monopoly on playing martial artists in films. Americans Chuck Norris and Steven Seagal and Brussels native Jean-Claude Van Damme all parlayed their martial-arts skills into the successful U.S. film careers. Thailand’s 2005 film Ong-Bak: The Thai Warrior launched the career of Tony Jaa, whose work is being compared to that of Bruce Lee and Jackie Chan. The Indian film star Priyanka Chopra trained heavily in martial arts for her role in the 2008 Indian film Drona.

Whether it’s an epic, historical piece such as Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (2000) or a modern-day comedy like Rush Hour, martial-arts films continue to entertain and delight with their fantastic stunts and tightly choreographed fight scenes.

6. According to the text, the definition of the genre of the modern martial-arts film includes all of the following EXCEPT.

A a mixture of different amusing cinematographic genres and exciting stunts

В compulsory scenes of battles in kung fu-fighting style

C a screen script of the film written for American stars only

D a film that includes unarmed combat scenes and attractive special effects

7. What is the author’s main point?

A The martial-arts film style was originated in China and nowadays it is still the main Chinese style in the filmmaking.

В The martial-arts style of the films is one of the most popular cinema genres which succeed in the present time, too.

C The majority of Chinese actors became world-known due to their participation in the martial-arts films.

D The only actual kung fu-fighting style is the basis of all motion pictures which were made in the martial-arts style.

8. The phrase ’films of chivalrous combat’ (line 9) in the text is closest in meaning to

A breathtaking female films

В up-to-date action films

C modern feature films

D actual underground films

9. According to the text, which of the following is TRUE of Bruce Lee?

A He rejected the specific style of martial-arts films in his own films.

В He was the best film director and film actor of the martial-arts films in the 1970s.

C He carried on the traditions of wu xia pian films when he began making films.

D He created the new screen hero with the best features of the real fighter for the truth.

10. According to the text, which of the following statements is WRONG?

A The unarmed combat style is still a visiting card of the martial-arts style of film.

В The martial-arts style of film is still the national peculiarity of Chinese films only.

C The basic feature of the martial-arts style of film - thrilling action - has remained by the present.

D The martial-arts style of film changed together with the progress of a society.

11. What artist was associated with a great advance of the martial-arts films and became a prototype of the main heroes for such films?

A Bruce Lee

В Buster Keaton

C Wong Feihung

D Jackie Chan

6 7 8 9 10 11

Task 3

Read the texts below. Match choices (A-H) to (12-16). There are three choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

12. The Pawnee Indians

The Pawnee are a tribe that lives largely in the Pawnee, Okla., area. Many young members of the tribe have governmental jobs. The Pawnee once lived in what is now Nebraska. Most of the year they lived in villages and raised corn, beans, and squash. The villages consisted of 10 to 12 large, round, earth-covered houses. The Pawnee left their villages once or twice a year to hunt buffalo on the plains. During the hunting season, they lived in tepees made of buffalo skins.

The Pawnee men shaved their heads except for a small scalp lock. They stiffened the scalp lock with grease and paint so that it stood up like a horn.

Religion played an important role in the Pawnee life. The Pawnee regarded corn as a sacred gift, and many of their religious ceremonies involved the buffalo hunting and a war.

13. The Bannock Indians

The Bannock Indians are a tribe that once hunted throughout the northern Rocky Mountains. They travelled in small bands hunting buffalo and other animals and fishing for salmon. They also ate the roots of the camass. In the early 1700s, the tribe acquired horses and became skilled riders.

The Bannock were expert weavers who made baskets from the prairie grass. In summer, the Bannock lived in houses made of reeds and roofed with grass mats. In winter, they built small, round lodges that were partly underground.

In the 1820s, Jim Bridger, James P. Beckwourth and other American explorers became the first non-Indians to meet the Bannock.

Today, about 3,000 descendants of the Bannock live on the Fort Hall Reservation. Many of them are poor and have leased their land to white farmers. Some of the Indians have jobs in factories or on potato farms near the reservation.

14. The Blackfeet Indians

The Blackfeet Indians lived on the Great Plains of the USA and Canada.

In the early days, the Blackfeet hunted buffalo on foot. Later, they became skilled at stealing horses. The Blackfeet lived in buffalo-hide tepees. Some families owned sacred bundles of fetishes, which might include bones, skins, or stones. They opened the bundles on special occasions to cure the sick or to ensure the people’s welfare.

During the early 1800s, American beaver trappers began to enter the Blackfeet hunting grounds. After the Indians had killed a number of whites, the Americans let the Blackfeet do the trapping and bring the furs and hides to the white trading posts. In exchange the Indians received guns and ammunition, metal knives and tools, glass beads, and other articles.

The Blackfeet now farm and raise livestock.

15. The Klamath Indians

The Klamath Indians are a tribe of southwestern Oregon. In earlier times, the Klamath । made their clothing and many other objects from cattail and tule, two marsh plants that were abundant in the area. For example, they made fringed skirts, hats, and moccasins from tule and animal skins. They also wove baskets of cattail and tule. They carried, stored, and cooked their food in these baskets. For winter, the Klamath constructed an earthen lodge by first digging a pit in the ground. They then built walls and a roof of wood and covered them with layers of earth and tule mats. An opening in the roof served as both an entrance and a hole to let out smoke. For summer, the Klamath built a simple shelter called a wickiup. It consisted . of a willow frame covered with tule mats. They also constructed small sweat lodges, where they took ceremonial steam baths to purify themselves.

The Klamath lived in small villages. Each village chose leaders for their ability. Individuals called shamans, who were believed to have close contact with the spirits, cared for the sick.

In 1826, trappers for Hudson’s Bay Company became the first Europeans to meet the Klamath.

Today, many Klamath still live on or near the former reservation. The tribe continues to elect tribal leaders and maintains a business office.

16. The Bell Coola Indians

The Bell Coola Indians live in western Canada. Many of them work for canneries, fisheries, or logging companies.

They still elect a governing body called a band council to administer matters concerning the Bell Coola band.

The ancestors of the modern Bella Coola were prosperous, seafaring fisherfolk and woodworkers for thousands of years. They also gathered shellfish and seaweed from the shore. The Bella Coola built summer and winter villages of large plank houses on the banks of rivers and inlets. <

Wealthy, socially prominent individuals held feasts called potlatches, at which they gave their guests valuable gifts. Religious life centred around ceremonial dances and dramatic performances given by secret societies, and around the potlatches. Woodworkers and other artists produced elaborate costumes, masks, and settings for the events.

The first known contact between whites and the Bell Coola occurred in 1793, when Sir Alexander Mackenzie, a Canadian fur trader and explorer, visited the Indians’ territory.

Which of the following___________?

A were remarkable negotiators

В used animal fat to make themselves handsome

C decorated themselves with dyed scalps of their foes

D consumed some wild plants of the prairie and rode stallions

E lived in dome-shaped shacks covered with bark and gave performances around them

F made clothing of hides, lacked front doors and built primitive saunas

G were skilful weavers and were known for taming horses

H gave presents,worked and travelled by boats

12 13 14 15 16

Task 4

Read the text below. Choose from (A-H) the one which best fits each of (17-22). There are two choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Bust of a City

By Meg B., New York, NY

I’ve had a love affair with this city. Since I fell into its arms, (17)___________, the metabolism of midtown, the reticence of the Upper East Side, the pregnancy of Harlem. Walking down the street, I fall for every Korean Laundromat, for every Ray’s Pizza, for each old sneaker hanging over a Brooklyn telephone wire.

The city flirts with me, (18)___________________. She plays hard to get stop ups with the Six Train and Puerto Rican Day parades. I wonder what she sees in me.

Bejewelled with the docile Brooklyn Bridge and the angular GW, (19)________________. Strutting on high heels of Manhattan, she is drunk with attention.

New York City is (20) _________________ that wears a seasonal mood ring. In winter, she’s bruised and

bitter with tourists, her local immune system shielding grimaces. In summer, she sweats only S the faithful who can’t bear to see her lonely.

Her Six Train bloodstream pumps wisdom, (21)_______________screaming at his knee. I sit on the blue benches with those equally obsessed, indulging in the quiet comfort of the bum on the stoop ; of Saint Catherine’s Church.

Dressed in Starbucks and cigarettes, (22)________________. She is freckled with suits. Brooklyn, her conscience; Soho, her fingers; Queens, her love handles; downtown, her wrinkles...I fell in love with this city... I fell in love forever and ever...

A I have a lot of meetings with uncommon people

В I have been enamoured with the buxom curves of the village

C sun hits her skyscraper shoulders

D a constantly shifting painting on a cement canvas

E her streets are rich of lifelike pictures

F her taxi-cab hips swinging from East to West Side

G New York is dressed to the nines

H preaching not to look twice at the matted-hair man

17 18 19 20 21 22

Task 5

Read the text below. For questions (23-34) choose the correct answer (А, В, C, or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Monkey Nuts

Guiltily, I shoved my husband Bill’s dinner into the oven. Shepherd’s pie, his favourite.

I was (23)_______________it would soften him up when he got home... and found out what I’d done. There was no way I could hide it from him. And sure enough...

“Hello love, had a good day?” he said, (24)_________________ . “Put the kettle on, I’m parched.”

Hanging up his coat, he headed into the bathroom. “Argh,” he screeched. He ran out, whitefaced. “There’s a flipping monkey in our bathroom,” he gasped. “Erm, yeah, I know.”

I replied, rather quietly. (25)___________________not hearing me, he went on, “It must have escaped from the zoo. God knows how it got in here. I’ll call them.”

“No, don’t,” I said, grabbing the phone. “She’s my monkey.” Bill (26) _______________ at me. “What do you mean, she’s your monkey? Have you gone quite mad, woman?”

“I popped out for some Bourbons and bought a monkey instead,” I admitted shame-faced. I knew it sounded completely bonkers - but it was (27)___________________________. I’d seen the advert for a monkey for sale in the local paper. I loved animals, and monkeys were my absolute favourite. Somehow, when I’d started walking to the local shop to buy groceries, my feet had taken me instead to the address (28) the monkey for sale. And I’d brought back home a furry

little friend. I looked anxiously at Bill as I finished telling him my story. To my relief, he cracked up, laughing loudly.

“You really are nuts,” he giggled, hugging me. He trotted back to the bathroom (29)________________another look at our pet. “She really is a cute little thing,” he admitted, finally.

“Can she stay with us, then?” I asked, feeling anxious.

“Go on then,” Bill laughed. We called her Bonnie, and we both loved (30)____________her around. But I don’t think Bill quite knew what he had let himself in for. That was 20 years ago, and, since then, my house has been home to a lot more exotic (31)from around the world.

Sadly, Bill passed away several years ago, so my animals have been a great comfort to me. After being granted a licence, I’ve (32)___________________________________ to take in 77 different varieties of animals at

my three-bedroom semi. I’ve looked (33)____________ 18 different types of monkey, tiny pigmy

hedgehogs, and reptiles. Most of them were sick or injured when I took them in. I’ve even moved to a bigger place to (34)them all. The poor mite would probably have died without me - but that’s what I’m here for. Yes, my home’s a zoo - and I wouldn’t have it any other way.

23 A waiting B hoping C foreseeing D anticipating
24 A striding in B going on C sneaking in D walking in
25 A obviously B however C probably D nevertheless
26 A amazed B wondered C surprised D gaped
27 A good B true C false D illegal
28 A offering B declaring C advertising D demanding
29 A to glance B to make C to rush D to take
30 A watching B looking C having D seeing
31 A species B types C forms D kinds
32 A thought B managed C dreamt D decided
33 A at B over C after D on
34 A adjust B supply C reconcile D accomodate

Task 6

Read the texts below. For questions (35-46) choose the correct answer (А, В, C, or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Brown Sells English on Global Tour

By Matt Salusbury

“Two billion people worldwide (35)English by 2020. But there are millions more on every continent who still (36)the chance to learn English... So today I want Britain to make a new gift to the world: a (37)to help anyone - however impoverished and however far away - (38)the tools they need to learn English.”

Those were UK Prime Minister Gordon Brown’s words on the eve of his five-day visit to India and China to seek new business opportunities. In (39)the global role of English, Brown was implicitly recognizing the enormous market potential of the language and the commercial and strategic avenues this could open up for the UK.

In the same speech Brown announced a website platform providing one-to-one tuition via the Voice over the Internet Protocol - the same technology that (40)______________________________ the Internet telephony -

35 A will learning B will be learned C will be learned D have learned
36 A are denying B deny C denies D are denied
37 A committal B committee C committing D commitment
38 A to be accessed B to access C to have accessed D accessing
39 A highlight B highlighting C highlights D highlighter
40 A unable B disables C enables D is enabled

as a first step in an ambitious global mission to promote English as ’the world’s language’.At first, people thought the sky was blue because there (41)water droplets in it, but if that were true you’d get a deeper blue when the air is more humid and that’s not the case.

After a little more investigation, it (42)that the blue was due to the air molecules in the atmosphere. The light from the sun is made up of many different colours, each of which is a different wavelength of light. The wavelength of red, for example, is (43) _________ thanthe wavelength of blue.

Longer wavelengths for the most part travel straight through air molecules, while shorter ones are more (44)by them.

So when the blue wavelengths hit the air molecules, they are scattered all over the sky - and that’s what you see when you look up.

At sunset, when the sun is (45)on the horizon, its light has to travel through many more air molecules than when it is right above us. All these molecules scatter the red wavelengths, too, and that’s why the sun (46) red at the end of the day.

41 A were В was C is D are
42 A has been realised В was realised C realised D were realised
43 A longest В longed C long D longer
44 A scattering В scatter C scattered D scatters
45 A lower В low C lowness D lowing
46 A looking В is looking C looks D is looked


35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46

PAPER II.Writing

Read the text below. Fill in the each gap with the one word which best fits each of (47-50). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Shepherd’s Pie

Preheat the oven to 220C.

Peel the potatoes and boil them in salted water until soft; then (47)them, stirring in a little milk.

Chop the onion and parsley and cut the carrots into thin slices.

Heat the oil in a frying pan. Fry the onion, meat, carrots and parsley. (48) with salt, pepper and nutmeg.

(49) __ an ovenproof dish with butter. Fill it with the fried meat and vegetables.

(50)_____________with the mashed potatoes. Dot with small pieces of butter.

Bake for 40 minutes until the top is golden brown.

47 49
48 50

Task 2

You are staying with your pen friend in England. Write a letter to your brother Dean/sister Lucy telling him/her all about the family you are staying with. Don’t forget to write:

  • how many people there are in the family and where they live;
  • what the members of the family are like;
  • what they do (occupation, job, activities);
  • what you like or dislike about staying with this family, r
  • Write a letter of at least 100 words. Do not write any dates and addresses. Start your letter like this:



    PAPER I. Reading, Use of English and Grammar

    Task1.1.C; 2.H; З.А; 4.D; 5.D.

    Task2 6.С; 7.В; 8.А; 9.D; 10.В; 11.С.

    Task3 12.В; 13.D; 14.А; 15.F; 16.Н.

    Task4 17.В; 18.F; 19.G; 20.D; 21.Н; 22.С.

    Task5 23.В; 24.А; 25.А; 26.D; 27.В; 28.С; 29.D; З0.С; 31.А; 32.В; ЗЗ.С; 34.D.

    Task6 35.А; 36.D; 37.D; 38.В; 39.В; 40.С; 41А; 42В; 43D; 44С; 45А; 46С.

    PAPER II Writing

    Task 1. 47. mash; 48. season; 49. grease; 50. cover.

    Task 2

    Sample answer:

    Dear Dean/Lucy,

    Thanks for your letter. I’m sorry for being silent for a while. I’m in London at the moment, staying at my host family, the Masons. They are amiable, curious and quite nice people.

    There are five of them in the family: Mr and Mrs Mason, their two daughters, Marian and Julie, and the youngest son, Josh. They live in a semi-detached house with a lovely garden in the suburb of the British capital.

    The Masons are really a well-to-do family. Mr Mason is an eager beaver and works from morning till night. He is responsible and accurate, intelligent and well-mannered. I’d say, he is a real English gentleman. Mrs Mason, or Mum Laura, as I call her, is very devoted to her family, she is sensitive and patient. Marian, the eldest daughter, is a student. She is quite independent, ambitious and a bit arrogant. Sometimes she is a real rebel. Julie, as a teen, is outrageous, but kind-hearted and clever. Josh is the kindest and the most reasonable of the three.

    Mr Mason, a prosperous experienced lawyer, is always busy, but not fussy. He is used to helping people and solving their problems. His favourite occupation is The Times and a cup of black coffee, not tea.

    Mum Laura, as a dedicated housewife, usually prepares a cup of coffee for her husband in the morning, as well as delicious breakfast for us all and packed lunches for kids. She is the guardian angel in the family and provides comfort in the house. Marian is preoccupied with studying and spends evenings reading and writing.

    I fancy observing this family. I must admit they are able to find some time to have fun and rest together and every time it’s something different: either a walk in the park or a picnic in the wood, horse-riding or sailing and even just strolling around.

    I like it here. I’m full of impressions, and can tell you much more but I’m winding up with my letter. I’m in a hurry.

    I’m looking forward to hearing from you. Write me soon and tell me all your news.



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