Orphan Elephants: Multiple Choice Grammar Test
(1) _______ children, young elephants need discipline if they are to grow up (2) _______ responsible members of society. Orphan bull elephants in (3) _______ Game Reserve have turned delinquent because they (4) _______ taken in hand by their. (5) _______ . Earlier this month, a young bull (6) _______ at a group of tourists on a photo-safari, attacked and killed a professional hunter who (7) _______ in to shoot it. Two years ago another tourist (8) _______ , chased out of his battered car and trampled to death in the reserve, was not the only victim (9)_______ : in the past three years, nineteen white rhinoceroses (10) _______ to death by elephants.
Scientists think they can explain the (11) _______ abnormaland unacceptable behaviour. The stress these animals have been subjected to, (12) _______ with the fact that they have never been subjected to the discipline and (13) _______ of a matriarchal cow, which is a central feature of normal elephant family life, (14) ________ for their behaviour, Elephants are among those animals (15) _______ patterns of behaviour are acquired largely by experience. Some elephants are suffering from the lack of someone (16) _______ them a good example, older bull elephants, who are known (17) _______ aggressive young bulls during the mating season. Only in a whole elephant family young elephant bulls receive the strict parentaldiscipline they need.
|2||as though||as for||like||as|
|3||South Africa’s||South Africa’||South Africa||South ’s Africa’s|
|4||never being||never been||had never been||have never been|
|6||having charged||was charged||being charged||was charging|
|7||sending||had been sent||being sent||has been sent|
|8||having attacked||attacking||attacked||was attacked|
|10||gored||will be gored||gored||have been gored|
|13||nurturing||nurtured||being nurturing||having nurtured|
|16||to be set||set||to set||to setting|
|17||to have disciplined||to be disciplined||disciplining||to discipline|
1.A; 2.D; 3.A; 4.D; 5.A; 6.A; 7.B; 8.C; 9.D; 10.D; 11.C; 12.B; 13.A; 14.A; 15.B; 16.C; 17.D